Arterial Studies of the Extremity

A peripheral arterial study is used to document the presence of disease, determine its functional severity, localize the site of involvement, define the lesion as a stenosis or occlusion, measure its length and provide baseline information for future comparisons. When neuro - musculoskeletal symptoms are present the study helps to determine how much arterial insufficiency contributes to the patients symptoms. Principal clinical indications for peripheral arterial studies include:

  • Claudication - cramping muscular pain induced by exercise and relieved by resting briefly
  • Painful toes or feet at rest or at night
  • Ulcers
  • Gangrene (tissue break down or death)
  • Aneurysm of artery of the upper extremity
  • Aneurysm of artery of the lower extremity
  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Arterial embolism and thrombosis
  • Arteritis (inflammation of the lining of the arteries)
  • Coldness or discoloration of the limb
  • Injury to extremity blood vessels

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