Every 45 seconds, someone has a stroke. Each year, 700,000 Americans have a stroke. On average, someone dies of a stroke every three minutes.
Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Each year:
- 795,000 will be victims of stroke
- 144,000 will die
- 266,000 will survive with permanent disabilities
- 30,000 will be permanently admitted to nursing homes
Immediate treatment can save lives and enhance the chances for a successful recovery. Time lost is brain lost. The moment a stroke begins, seconds count. When the blood stops flowing to any part of the brain, brain cells begin to die.
Early identification, fast diagnosis, and immediate treatment is critical. It can mean the difference between life and death - or permanent disability. The administration of clot-busting drugs within three hours of the stroke, when appropriate, can help.
Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center, along with The American Stroke Association, (a division of the American Heart Association), wants everyone to know the stroke warning signs and recognize the risk factors, in a campaign to reduce the incidence of strokes.
Are you at risk for a stroke?
Understanding the factors that increase the risk of a stroke, and quickly recognizing the signs of a stroke may help you or your loved ones seek early treatment. Early treatment and diagnosis improve your chances for complete recovery. Take this simple quiz to check your personal risk of having a stroke. Then, learn how you can take easy steps to reduce your risk.
Some stroke risks are hereditary. Others are a function of natural processes. Still others result from a person's lifestyle. You can't control factors related to heredity or natural processes, but those resulting from lifestyle or environment can be modified with the help of a health care professional. Knowing your risk and controlling what you can is the best defense against having a stroke.
What stroke risk factors can be changed, treated or controlled? All of the following can be managed with your healthcare partner to reduce the risk of stroke:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Cigarette smoking
- Sickle cell disease
- Diabetes mellitus
- High blood cholesterol
- Carotid or other artery disease
- Poor diet
- Atrial fibrillation
- Physical inactivity and obesity