Prostate Cancer Risk Factors

Doctors don’t completely understand the causes of prostate cancer, but they have identified several risk factors:

  • Age: Prostate cancer is rare in men younger than 40. The risk rises after age 50, and about 60 percent of cases occur in men over 65.
  • Race and ethnicity: Prostate cancer occurs more often in African-American men than in men of other races. White men are at greater risk of prostate cancer than Asian-American and Hispanic men.
  • Family history: Prostate cancer seems to run in some families. Having a brother or father with prostate cancer more than doubles a man’s risk of developing the disease.
  • Diet: Men with diets high in red meat and low in fruits and vegetables have a higher risk of prostate cancer.

Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Symptoms of prostate cancer include:

  • Trouble urinating, or the need to urinate more often, especially at night.
  • Blood in the urine
  • Trouble getting an erection