Kidney Cancer Risk Factors

Doctors can’t explain why kidney cancer occurs, but they have identified several risk factors for this type of cancer:

  • Smoking: People who smoke have a higher risk of getting kidney cancer. The longer you smoke, the greater the risk.
  • Obesity: Being obese increases the risk of kidney cancer.
  • High blood pressure: Having high blood pressure may increase the risk of kidney cancer.
  • Family history of kidney cancer: People with a family member who had kidney cancer have a slightly increased risk. Certain diseases that run in families also increase the risk of kidney cancer. One is Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, known as VHL. People with changes in the VHL gene face a greater risk.